Wednesday, November 30, 2011

How to Successfully Argue the Existence of God

I recently had a conversation with another Catholic who was telling me about all sorts of distressing attacks on Catholicism he had read on the internet. He explained to me why they were "understandable" and that it "makes sense they think what they do." He and I discussed the issue for a while and I realized that what he had brought up were attacks made on very fundamental beliefs  about God that every Catholic should know how to refute instantly. I provided him with some vital ways to prove things like the existence of God to a non-believer who demands "proof." I thought it might be a good thing to post online, as I really believe every Christian should at least have an understanding of the following arguments.

So, someone who doesn't believe in God says to you, "The universe doesn't need an intelligent creator, the big bang provided all the energy and matter found in existence. There is no God, the universe manifested on its own." What do you say that will really make them think and simultaneously defend what you believe in?

The Law of Causality. The Law of Causality states that “Anything that begins to exist must have been brought into existence by something distinct other than itself.” It is utterly impossible to argue with this statement, as it is a universally understood and logically sound fact of nature. The mind cannot even entertain the idea that nothing can make something.

Out of the law of causality we derive four ways of proving God's existence.

a. The Teleological Argument
b. The Cosmological Argument
c. The Moral Argument
d.The Historical Argument
 
The Teleological Argument deals with the fact that where there is order, there is a plan. Supposedly, the big bang was completely random. Supposedly objects went flying in every direction in a chaotic whirlwind of massive proportions. If that is so, why are there so many instances of symmetry? Why so many mathematical quantities that are equal between completely unrelated objects? Why the overall beauty of it all? How can something that appears to have been crafted and designed so well have been a complete accident?  
                                              
If any of the following occured, the universe would be either rendered
incapable of supporting life, rendered incapable of supporting matter, or cease to exist altogether.
1. If the ratio of Electrons to Protons changed by 1 part  in 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
2. If the ratio of Electromagnetic Force to Gravity changed by 1 part in 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
3. If the Expansion Rate of The Universe changed by 1 part in 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
4. If the total mass of the universe changed by 1 part in 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
5. If the Cosmological Constant changed by 1 part in 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000

Could a universe THAT fine tuned and well balanced just happen by accident? Not likely.
                                               
The second argument is the Cosmological Argument. It is the most directly associated with the origin of the universe and the Law of Causality. I once asked a non-religious person where he believed the universe came from. His response was "Well it is a mystery. We may never know." My friend, you will never know if you don't believe in God. Even if there was a way for something to manifest out of nothing, it would have to take place or start somewhere. That somewhere would have to be a previously existing space created by someone else. Some people say that the universe originated in a subatomic particle residing in something called "quantum foam." Supposedly, this subatomic particle was small enough that it was able to manifest itself out of nothing. It expanded and exploded, and here we are. However, no explanation for the existence of this "quantum foam" where the particle began is ever provided.

Let us imagine for a moment that the universe did start this way. It started with a crazy explosion. After the explosion random chunks of matter came together and formed planets and stars and such...
HOLD ON A SECOND: If everything is flying all over in every imaginable direction, at what point do they decide to change direction and come together and make galaxies and solar systems? Not to mention galaxies and solar systems with laws of physics tuned to a level of incomprehensible perfection.
When a non-believer tells you that Earth was formed by chunks matter that miraculously found each other, ask them this question: Are inanimate heaps of metal in a scrapyard capable of coming together, building an airplane, and flying away? Think about it for a second. If the universe truly started on its own with dead matter, then dead matter is all that should be left. No matter how much it changes or "evolves," dead matter cannot create life, intelligence, intelligent beings, morals, reasoning, or free will. Something as incredibly complex as life can’t be an accident, it requires a blueprint. It requires a designer.

                                            
                

The third argument is The Moral Argument. When examining the human mind, we find that all people who are at least psychologically sound have a good understanding of right and wrong. It is universally understood that all people have what is called conscience. Even if it is small, all people still have that quiet voice in the back of their mind telling them when they are doing something unjust. This understanding of morality could not have occurred in the mind by accident, and one can actually point to it and say that the voice is the law of a God. If there were no God and we were here for no reason, than that voice would have no purpose. We would not need it because we would be alive by accident. We would have no grand meaning, so it wouldn’t matter if we did something wrong. The existence of a conscience is a concise way to prove the existence of a creator who established moral laws.

The fourth and final argument is The Historical Argument. This argument states that an overwhelming majority of the human race has been religious in the history of the world. Nearly every race in history has had some form of deity to which they prayed to, implored help from and so on. Even the most savage of nations has believed in at least some form of a God. With this in mind it is deductible that mankind at its core is religious. Is it possible that such a majority of billions and billions of people over the course of thousands of years could have all been completely incorrect about the existence of a supreme being? If the big bang is so much more logical, if God is such a foolish superstitious idea, if an intelligent creator is so implausible, then why hasn't the majority of the human race believed the universe was an accident from the very beginning?

Well there you have it, four arguments for the existence of God. Some are better than others, but they are all worth using. I will now leave you with one of my favorite quotes.

"If there were no God, there would be no atheists." -G.K Chesterton


5 comments:

aka the Mom said...

If I could remember all of that, it would make a great argument. The fact that you understand all of that should make you go downstairs and thank your mother.

I Use My Brain said...

Ironic, that you condemn the government for censorship. I hope that you and other radicals never take power and decide that the best method for reaching a consensus is not debate and the free exchange of ideas, but a gunshot (in self-defense?) to the back of every intellectual's head. You and the communists seem to agree on that. This reveals you for the hypocrite that you are.

I Use My Brain said...

Funny, how it is easier to silence opposition and pretend it never happened than to engage in actual intellectual discourse. Maybe if you silence all opposing thought you will create a heaven on earth! I look forward to this being deleted as well, and then no one will no that anyone ever disagreed with you! But you will know someone saw through your fallacies and lies, and you know what? Your god will know too.

capchessguy said...

As the operator of this website I reserve the full right to remove or allow whatever comments I wish.

You have no right to make asusmptions about my motives for removing your remarks. Did you think that maybe I didn't feel like putting the time or effort into spending time responding to each one? You don't know what kind of day I've had or what my schedule is like.

I don't believe in silencing opposition. Today I just didn't feel like dealing with some long comment war. It was easier to exterminate the conflict before it occured.

I am not bound to answer to anything you say. You are an anonymous reader on my website. If you want to know my opinion, read my posts. If you have issues with my opinion, you don't have to be here. If you choose to go around starting arguments then that is your decision. I am not here to start conflicts, I am here to express and explain my beliefs.

Have a good day,
Jack

capchessguy said...

If you absolutely must engage "intellectual discourse," then send me an email at capchessguy@isp.com.